Sleep Apnea treatment in Bangladesh is now very easy. Now there are many doctors in Bangladesh who are expert on sleep apnea treatment. If you have any symptoms of sleep apnea you can consult with any Sleep and Respiratory physician or ENT specialist. Before going to the doctor’s we should know about sleep apnea.
To know whether you are suffering from sleep apnea, you can directly Chat on WhatsApp message with our Expert.
What is Sleep Apnea?
Sleep Apnea which is also called sleep disorder which create breathing pauses during sleeping. It occurs more often than normal during sleeping. Each pause can last for a few seconds to few minutes and it may happen many times during sleep. It can occur when the upper airway becomes blocked repeatedly during sleep, reducing or completely stopping airflow. Primary stage is best time for Sleep apnea treatment.
Untreated sleep apnea can causes complications such as heart disease, Depression. It can also leave a person feeling drowsy increasing the risk of accident, while driving and working.
A person with sleep apnea may be unaware of their symptoms, but another person may notice while sleeping.
There are common two types of sleep apnea
Obstructive sleep apnea
when the upper airway becomes blocked repeatedly during sleep, reducing or completely stopping airflow. This is known as obstructive sleep apnea.
Central sleep apnea
If the brain does not send the signals needed to breathe, the condition may be called central sleep apnea.
Healthcare providers use sleep studies to diagnose sleep apnea. They record the number of episodes of slow or stopped breathing and the number of central sleep apnea events detected in an hour. They also determine whether oxygen levels in the blood are lower during these events.
Breathing devices such as continuous positive air pressure or CPAP machines and lifestyle changes are common sleep apnea treatments. Untreated sleep apnea can lead to serious complications such as heart attack, glaucoma, diabetes, cancer, and cognitive and behavioral disorders.
Causes of Sleep Apnea:
Sleep apnea can be caused by a person’s physical structure or medical conditions. These include obesity, large tonsils, Endocrine disorder, Neuromuscular disorder, heart and kidney failure, certain genetic syndromes and premature births.
There are many risk factors for sleep apnea. Some risk factors, such as unhealthy lifestyle habits and environments, can be changed. Other risk factors, such as age, family history and genetics, race and ethnicity, and sex, cannot be changed. Healthy lifestyle changes can decrease your risk for developing sleep apnea.
Signs and Symptoms:
Common sleep apnea signs and symptoms are snoring or gasping during sleep; reduced or absent breathing, called apnea events; and sleepiness. Undiagnosed or untreated sleep apnea prevents restful sleep and can cause complications that may affect many parts of your body.
- Reduced or absent breathing, known as apnea events
- Frequent loud snoring
- Gasping for air during sleep
- Excessive daytime sleepiness and fatigue
- Decreases in attention, vigilance, concentration, motor skills, and verbal and visuospatial memory
- Dry mouth or headaches when waking
- Sexual dysfunction or decreased libido
- Waking up often during the night to urinate
Your doctor may diagnose sleep apnea based on your medical history, a physical exam, and results from a sleep study. Before diagnosing you with sleep apnea, your doctor will rule out other medical reasons or conditions that may be causing your signs and symptoms.
To diagnose sleep apnea or another sleep disorder, your doctor may refer you to a sleep specialist or a center for a sleep study. Sleep studies can be done in a special center or at home. Studies at a sleep center can:
- Detect apnea events, which are times when your breathing stops or slows during sleep
- Detect low or high levels of activity in muscles that control breathing
- Monitor blood oxygen levels during sleep
- Monitor brain and heart activity during sleep
Your doctor may be able to diagnose mild, moderate, or severe sleep apnea based on the number of sleep apnea events you have in an hour during the sleep study.
- Mild: Five to 14 apnea events in an hour
- Moderate: 15 to 29 apnea events in an hour
- Severe: 30 or more apnea events in an hour
Sleep Apnea Treatment:
If you are diagnosed with sleep apnea, your doctor may make recommendations to help you maintain an open airway during sleep. These could include healthy lifestyle changes or a breathing device such as a positive airway pressure (PAP) machine, mouthpiece, or implant. Talk to your doctor. Depending on the type and severity of your sleep apnea and your needs and preferences, other sleep apnea treatments may be possible.
- following a heart healthy diet
- developing healthy sleeping habits
- limiting alcohol consumption
- Quitting Smoking
- Managing weight
- Sleeping on the side
Continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy
This is the main treatment for sleep apnea. It keeps the airway open by gently providing a constant stream of positive pressure air through a mask.
Some people have trouble using CPAP and stop the treatment before achieving any lasting benefit. However, many measures can help make the equipment more comfortable, and the adjustment period smooth.
A person can adjust the mask and its settings. Adding moisture to the air as it flows through the mask can relieve nasal symptoms.